MI-35M : History, Development, and Technical Specifications
The MI-35M attack helicopter is a modern attack helicopter designed and manufactured by Russian Helicopters, a subsidiary of Rostec Corporation. The helicopter is a derivative of the well-known MI-24 and has been in service with various armed forces around the world since 2005. In this article, we will discuss the features, capabilities, and advantages of the MI-35M attack helicopter.
I. The MI-35M Attack Helicopter:- Design and Features
The MI-35M is based on the MI-24 helicopter, which was developed in the Soviet Union in the 1970s. The MI-35M MI-35M attack helicopter features several upgrades and improvements over its predecessor, including a new engine, a redesigned tail rotor, and improved avionics and weapon systems. The helicopter has a length of 21.6 meters, a height of 6.5 meters, and a rotor diameter of 17.3 meters. Its two Klimov VK-2500 turboshaft engines provide a maximum power output of 2,200 hp each.
The MI-35M attack helicopter has a crew of two, consisting of a pilot and a weapons systems officer. It can carry up to eight soldiers in addition to its crew. The helicopter is equipped with a range of sensors and systems, including a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) camera, a laser rangefinder, and a digital map display. It also has a defensive suite that includes radar warning receivers, chaff and flare dispensers, and an infrared jammer.
A. Weapon System of The MI-35M Attack Helicopter
The MI-35M attack helicopter is armed with a 30 mm cannon, which is mounted on the side of the helicopter and can fire up to 750 rounds per minute. It also has four hard points, which can be used to mount a variety of weapons, including rocket pods, guided missiles, and machine guns. The helicopter can carry up to 1,500 kg of weapons, including air-to-air missiles, anti-tank missiles, and anti-ship missiles.
B. Avionics and Communications of The MI-35M Attack Helicopter
The MI-35M attack helicopter is equipped with a range of advanced avionics and communication systems, including a multi-function display, a digital moving map, and a data link. It also has a secure communications system that allows it to communicate with ground forces and other aircraft. The helicopter is also equipped with a night vision system, which provides the crew with enhanced situational awareness in low-light conditions.
II. Advantages of MI-35M Attack Helicopter
One of the main advantages of the MI-35M attack helicopter is its versatility. It can be used in a variety of roles, including close air support, reconnaissance, and troop transport. It is also designed to operate in a wide range of environments, including hot and high-altitude conditions. Another advantage is its ease of maintenance. The helicopter is designed to be easy to maintain, with a modular design that allows for quick replacement of components. This reduces downtime and increases its availability for operations.
III. MI-35M Operational History
The MI-35M attack helicopter has been used by several countries in combat operations, including Russia, Venezuela, and Nigeria. In Russia, the helicopter has been used in conflicts in Syria and Ukraine, where it has proven its effectiveness in providing close air support and conducting reconnaissance missions. In Venezuela, the MI-35M has been used to combat drug trafficking and provide security for the country’s oil installations. In Nigeria, the helicopter has been used in the fight against Boko Haram militants.
IV. Upgrades/ Variants of The MI-35M Attack Helicopter
The MI-35M has undergone several upgrades since its introduction in 2005. In 2018, Russian Helicopters announced the development of a new version of the MI-35M, called the MI-35P, which features improved avionics and weapon systems. The new version is also equipped with a new engine, which provides it with improved performance and reduced fuel consumption.
This variant is the export version of the MI-24P attack helicopter, which was introduced in the 1980s. The MI-35P features an upgraded airframe, advanced avionics and navigation systems, and a more powerful engine. It is also equipped with night vision capabilities and can carry a variety of weapons, including anti-tank missiles and rockets.
The MI-35M is a modernized version of the MI-24, featuring upgraded engines, avionics, and weapons systems. It is designed to operate in all weather conditions and can carry a variety of armaments, including 12.7mm machine guns, unguided rockets, and anti-tank missiles. The MI-35M also has a reinforced airframe, making it more resistant to damage from small arms fire and shrapnel.
The MI-35MS is a specialized version of the MI-35M designed for operations in high-altitude and hot environments. It features an upgraded engine and rotor system, as well as additional avionics and communication systems to improve performance at high altitudes. The MI-35MS also has an increased payload capacity, allowing it to carry more weapons and equipment.
The MI-35MD is a variant of the MI-35M designed for use by the Russian Air Force. It features upgraded avionics and communication systems, as well as additional armor protection and a more powerful engine. The MI-35MD can also carry a wider range of weapons, including air-to-air missiles and laser-guided bombs.
The MI-35BM is a heavily upgraded version of the MI-24, featuring a modernized airframe and avionics suite. It is designed to operate in a variety of combat scenarios, including close air support, air interdiction, and armed reconnaissance. The MI-35BM is also equipped with advanced weapons systems, including guided missiles and cannon pods.
The MI-35M has been exported to several countries, including Brazil, Azerbaijan, and Kazakhstan. In 2019, Russian Helicopters announced that it had signed a contract to supply 21 MI-35M helicopters to Iraq, which will be used by the country’s armed forces for combat and reconnaissance missions.
VI. Comparison to Other Attack Helicopters:
The MI-35M is often compared to other attack helicopters, such as the AH-64 Apache and the Eurocopter Tiger. While the Apache is faster and has a longer range, the MI-35M is considered to be more versatile and easier to maintain. The Tiger, on the other hand, is more agile and has a better range than the MI-35M, but is also more expensive.
|Boeing Defense, Space & Security
|2003 (initial operating capability)
|310 km/h (193 mph)
|293 km/h (182 mph)
|290 km/h (180 mph)
|450 km (280 mi)
|480 km (300 mi)
|800 km (500 mi)
|5,400 m (17,700 ft)
|6,400 m (21,000 ft)
|4,000 m (13,100 ft)
|2 (pilot and weapons operator)
|2 (pilot and co-pilot/gunner)
|2 (pilot and weapons systems operator)
|1 x 30mm cannon,
|1 x 30mm M230 Chain Gun,
|1 x 30mm cannon,
|4 x AT-9 Spiral ATGMs,
|Hellfire missiles, Hydra 70 rockets,
|2 x Mistral air-to-air missiles,
|80 x 80mm unguided rockets,
|Stinger air-to-air missiles,
|4 x Hellfire missiles,
|2 x 23mm cannon pods
|2.75 in rockets, AGM-114 Hellfire missiles,
|4 x HMP400 guns,
|AIM-92 Stinger missiles,
|68 mm and 70 mm rockets,
|GAU-8/A 30mm Avenger cannon
|Max takeoff wt.
|12,100 kg (26,700 lb)
|10,433 kg (23,000 lb)
|6,400 kg (14,100 lb)
|21.64 m (70 ft 11 in)
|17.73 m (58 ft 2 in)
|14.08 m (46 ft 2 in)
|Main rotor dia.
|17.30 m (56 ft 9 in)
|14.63 m (48 ft 0 in)
|13.00 m (42 ft 8 in)
Overall, the MI-35M is a reliable and effective attack helicopter that has proven its effectiveness in combat operations around the world. Its versatility and ease of maintenance make it a valuable asset for any armed force, and its advanced avionics and weapon systems ensure that it remains a relevant weapon system in modern conflicts.
The MI-35M attack helicopter is a versatile and reliable attack helicopter that has proven its effectiveness in combat operations around the world. Its advanced weapon systems, avionics, and communication systems make it a valuable asset for any armed force, and its ease of maintenance ensures that it remains operational and available for missions. With ongoing upgrades and improvements, the MI-35M will remain relevant.
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